1887

Abstract

The Gram-positive soil bacterium and cellulose degrader synthesizes the mycelium-associated enzyme CpeB, which displays haem-dependent catalase and peroxidase activity, as well as haem-independent manganese-peroxidase activity. The expression of the operon depends on the redox regulator FurS and the presence of the haem-binding protein HbpS. Upstream of , the neighbouring and genes were identified. SenS is a sensor histidine kinase with five predicted N-terminally located transmembrane domains. SenR is the corresponding response regulator with a C-terminal DNA-binding motif. Comparative transcriptional and biochemical studies with a designed / chromosomal disruption mutant and a set of constructed transformants showed that the presence of the novel two-component system SenS/SenR negatively modulates the expression of the operon and the gene. The presence of SenS/SenR enhances considerably the resistance of to haemin and the redox-cycling compound plumbagin, suggesting that this system could participate directly or indirectly in the sensing of redox changes. Epitope-tagged HbpS (obtained from an transformant) as well as the native HbpS interact specifically with the purified SenS fusion protein. On the basis of these findings, together with data deduced from the mutant strain, HbpS is suggested to act as an accessory protein that communicates with the sensor protein to modulate the corresponding regulatory cascade. Interestingly, close and distant homologues, respectively, of the SenS/SenR system are encoded within the A3(2) and genomes, but not within other known bacterial genomes. Hence the SenS/SenR system appears to be confined to streptomycetes.

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2005-11-01
2019-10-14
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