1887

Abstract

The virulence plasmid-carried () gene of and related enteroinvasive (EIEC) encodes apyrase, an ATP-diphosphohydrolase belonging to class A of the non-specific acid phosphatases (A-NSAPs). Apyrase and A-NSAPs share three domains of conserved amino acids (domains D1–D3) containing residues forming the putative active site of apyrase. In spite of their similarity, apyrase and A-NSAPs show different substrate specificity, apyrase being able to hydrolyse nucleotide tri- and diphosphates, but not monophosphates, as well as -nitrophenyl phosphate (NPP), while A-NSAPs are also active towards monophosphates and NPP. In this paper, to get further insights into the structure–function relationship of apyrase, a random and site-directed mutagenesis of the gene of EIEC strain HN280 was conducted. Results indicate that amino acids located within the D2 and D3 conserved domains (Ser157 and Arg192, respectively) as well as residues located in the N-terminal (Ser97) and C-terminal (Glu233) domains are required for enzyme activity. Surprisingly, Ala160, located near the D2 domain and considered to be important for enzyme specificity, is required for enzyme activity, as its substitution with Thr led to the inactivation of enzyme activity. Furthermore, residue His116 is involved in apyrase specificity, since the H116L apyrase mutant shows substrate specificity resembling that of A-NSAPs.

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2005-09-01
2019-10-17
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