1887

Abstract

Within the field of functional genomics, DNA microarrays have become a very useful tool to study genome-wide gene-expression changes under diverse experimental conditions. Here, the design and production of a gene microarray, called the ‘yeast cell wall chip’, specifically tailored to investigate cell wall functions, is described. This array has been validated and shown to be useful to address gene involvement in the regulation of the response to cell wall damage in yeast. The advantages of this tailored gene microarray, which contains 390 genes, in terms of reproducibility, accuracy, versatility and ease of use are reported. Importantly, the microarray design permits the performance of a double hybridization process (two experiments) on the same slide. Cell wall stress leads to the transcriptional activation of a set of genes involved in cell wall remodelling. This response has been shown to be strongly controlled by the MAP kinase (MAPK) Slt2p, but other signalling pathways have also been suggested to be involved in this process. Here, using the tailored microarray, the role of the HOG1 pathway in the regulation of the transcriptional compensatory response to cell wall damage was evaluated by comparing the transcriptional profiles of a mutant and a wild-type strain in the presence of Congo red. Two genes, () and , were found to be dependent on the Hog1p MAPK for their induction, indicating that an additional level of regulation of cell wall functions is mediated by this MAPK.

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2005-07-01
2020-08-09
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