1887

Abstract

The transcription of the 14 p- genes involved in gas vesicle formation of PHH1 is driven by the four promoters pA, pD, pF and pO. The regulation of these promoters was investigated in transformants with respect to the endogenous regulatory proteins GvpE and GvpD. Northern analyses demonstrated that the transcription derived from the pA and pD promoters was enhanced by GvpE, whereas the activities of the pF and pO promoters were not affected. Similar results were obtained using promoter fusions with the reporter gene encoding an enzyme with -galactosidase activity. The largest amount of specific -galactosidase activity was determined for pA- transformants, followed by pF- and pD- transformants. The presence of GvpE resulted in a severalfold induction of the pA and pD promoter, whereas the pF promoter was not affected. A lower GvpE-induced pA promoter activity was seen in the presence of GvpD in the pA-/DE transformants, suggesting a function of GvpD in repression. To determine the DNA sequences involved in the GvpE-mediated activation, a 50-nucleotide region of the pA promoter was investigated by 4-nucleotide scanning mutagenesis. Some of these mutations affected the basal transcription, especially mutations in the region of the TATA box and the putative BRE sequence element, and also around position −10. Mutant E, harbouring a sequence with greater identity to the consensus BRE element, showed a significantly enhanced basal promoter activity compared to wild-type. Mutations not affecting basal transcription, but yielding a reduced GvpE-mediated activation, were located immediately upstream of BRE. These results suggested that the transcription activation by GvpE is in close contact with the core transcription machinery.

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2004-06-01
2020-01-27
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