1887

Abstract

is the causative agent of trichomoniasis, one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in humans. This protozoan has multiple proteinases that are mainly of the cysteine proteinase (CP) type, some of which are known to be involved in the parasite's virulence. Here, a novel CP-encoding gene, , was identified and characterized. is 948 bp long and encodes a predicted 34·4 kDa protein that has the characteristics of the papain-like CP family. TvCP12 does not appear to have a signal peptide, suggesting that this is a cytoplasmic CP. By Southern blot assays, the gene was found as a single copy in the genome. Remarkably, Northern blot experiments showed a single transcript band of ∼1·3 kb in the mRNA obtained from parasites grown in low iron conditions and no transcript was observed in the mRNA from parasites grown in high iron conditions. By RT-PCR assays, a 270 bp band was amplified from the cDNA of parasites grown in low iron medium, which was very faint when cDNA from parasites grown in high iron conditions was used. Transcripts of the 3′ region obtained in both iron conditions presented differences in their poly(A) tail length. These data suggest that is another gene that is negatively regulated by iron and that the length of the poly(A) tail may be one of the factors involved in the iron-modulated protein expression.

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2004-05-01
2019-10-19
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