1887

Abstract

The LysR-type transcriptional regulator (LTTR) CysB is a transcription factor in cells, where as a homotetramer it binds the target promoter regions and activates the genes involved in sulphur utilization and sulphonate-sulphur metabolism, while negatively autoregulating its own transcription. The gene was found to be negatively regulated by CysB and directly correlated with novobiocin resistance of the bacterium. mutants showed upregulation of the  : :  gene fusion and exhibited increased novobiocin resistance. In this study the transcription start point and the corresponding putative promoter were determined. The promoter region was defined by employing different operon fusions, and transcription of the gene was shown to be subject to both repression imposed by the CysB regulator and direct or indirect autogenous negative control. These two regulations compete to some extent but they are not mutually exclusive. CysB acts as a direct repressor of transcription and binds the promoter region that carries the putative CysB repressor site. This CysB binding, apparently responsible for repression, is enhanced in the presence of the ligand -acetylserine (NAS), hitherto considered to be a positive cofactor in CysB-mediated gene regulations. Interallelic complementation of characterized CysB mutants I33N and S277Ter partially restored the repression of transcription and the consequent novobiocin sensitivity, but did not complement the cysteine auxotrophy.

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2003-12-01
2020-04-05
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