1887

Abstract

Submission of wild-type to heat shock causes an aggregation of cellular proteins. The aggregates (S fraction) are separable from membrane fractions by ultracentrifugation in a sucrose density gradient. In contrast, no protein aggregation was detectable in an mutant either by this technique or by electron microscopy. In search of an explanation for this observation at a molecular level, two kinds of marker proteins were used: Fda (fructose-1,6-biphosphate aldolase), the previously identified S fraction component, and IbpA/B, small heat-shock proteins abundantly associated with the S fraction proteins. Both types of marker proteins, normally never found in the outer-membrane (OM) fraction of WT cells, were present in the OM fraction from cells after heat shock. This pointed to the presence of aggregates smaller than those in WT cells that cosedimented with the OM fraction. The OM fraction was enlarged in cells. Although not proven directly, the presence of still smaller aggregates, not exceeding the solubility level and containing inactive Fda, was noted in the soluble CP fraction containing the cytoplasmic and periplasmic proteins. Therefore, aggregation occurred in both strains, but in a different way. The autoregulation of the heat-shock response causes a greater increase of DnaK/DnaJ and IbpAB levels in cells than in WT after temperature elevation. This may explain the prevalence of the small-sized aggregates in the cells. Estimation of total Fda protein before and after heat shock did not show any loss. This indicated that renaturation rather than proteolysis underlies the final disappearance of the aggregates. Though surprising at first, this is not contradictory with the participation of heat-shock proteases in removal of protein components of the S fraction as shown before, since proteins that are irreversibly denatured are probably substrates for the proteases.

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2004-01-01
2019-10-19
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