1887

Abstract

contains three genes encoding MsrA-specific methionine sulfoxide reductase (Msr) activity (, and ) and an additional gene that encodes MsrB-specific Msr activity. Data presented here suggest that MsrA1 is the major contributor of the MsrA activity in . . In mutational analysis, while the total Msr activity in mutant was comparable to that of the parent, Msr activity was significantly up-regulated in the or double mutant. Assessment of substrate specificity together with increased reactivity of the cell-free protein extracts of the mutants to anti-MsrB polyclonal antibodies in Western analysis provided evidence that increased Msr activity was due to elevated synthesis of MsrB in the MsrA1 mutants. Previously, it was reported that oxacillin treatment of . cells led to induced synthesis of MsrA1 and a mutation in increased the susceptibility of the organism to HO. A mutation in the gene, however, was not significant for the bacterial oxidative stress response. In complementation assays, while the gene was unable to complement the double mutant for HO resistance, the same gene restored HO tolerance in the double mutant when placed under the control of the promoter. However, which was able to complement the oxidative stress response in mutants could not restore the tolerance of the mutants to HO when placed under the control of the promoter. Additionally, although the oxacillin minimum inhibitory concentration of the mutant was comparable to that of the wild-type parent, in shaking liquid culture, the mutant responded more efficiently to sublethal doses of oxacillin. The data suggest complex regulation of Msr proteins and a more significant physiological role for / in . .

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2003-10-01
2020-10-01
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