1887

Abstract

This paper reports the identification of Ehp53, a p53-like protein, which binds to the human p53 DNA consensus sequence (oli-p53). Monoclonal antibodies against p53 (Ab-1 and Ab-2) recognized a single 53 kDa spot in two-dimensional gels and inhibited the formation of complexes produced by nuclear extracts and oli-p53. Additionally, gene promoter sequences with high homology to oli-p53 formed complexes with nuclear proteins that were abolished by oli-p53. Ehp53 protein levels increased in UV-irradiated trophozoites. This protein was also detected in and . By confocal microscopy, Ehp53 was located in the nuclei, EhkO organelles and cytoplasm. The Ehp53-encoding gene was cloned and its predicted amino acid sequence showed 30–54 % and 50–57 % homology with important domains of the human and the p53 proteins, respectively. This homology included the tetramerization domain, the nuclear export signal and a nuclear localization signal. Ehp53 also contains seven of the eight DNA-binding residues and two of the four Zn-binding sites described for p53. A recombinant Ehp53 was recognized by Ab-2. Ehp53 is believed to be the first p53-like protein found in protozoa and may be the evolutionary ancestor of the mammalian p53.

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2003-04-01
2019-10-20
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