1887

Abstract

Glutamate racemase (MurI) provides -glutamate, a key building block in the peptidoglycan of the bacterial cell wall. Besides having a crucial role in cell wall biosynthesis, MurI proteins from some bacteria have been shown to act as an inhibitor of DNA gyrase. and MurI exhibit these dual characteristics. Here, we show that the two activities of MurI are unlinked and independent of each other. The racemization function of MurI is not essential for its gyrase-inhibitory property. MurI–DNA gyrase interaction influences gyrase activity but has no effect on the racemization activity of MurI. Overexpression of MurI provides resistance to the action of ciprofloxacin, suggesting the importance of the interaction in gyrase modulation. We propose that the moonlighting activity of MurI has evolved more recently than its racemase function, to play a transient yet important role in gyrase modulation.

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2008-09-01
2020-08-05
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