1887

Abstract

Three -type cytochromes were identified in , based on predictions from genome sequences, that were hypothesized to be involved in electron transport to terminal electron acceptor reductases for oxygen (the cytochrome oxidase) and nitrite (the nitrite reductase, AniA). Mutants were generated by allelic exchange with disrupted copies of the genes encoding these cytochromes and the phenotypes of the resultant mutants analysed. It was found that cytochrome is required for nitrite reductase activity, whereas cytochromes and are both required for efficient growth using oxygen as an electron acceptor. Mutants in , , and + have a decreased capacity to reduce oxygen, but there is a background oxygen-reduction activity, indicating that there may be other routes for electron transfer from the cytochrome complex to the cytochrome oxidase, whereas cytochrome appears to be the sole route of electrons to the nitrite reductase in . Interestingly, cytochrome is highly similar to a domain of copper nitrite reductases from various proteobacteria, whereas cytochrome has high identity with a domain of the cytochrome oxidase of , yet these two proteins function in oxygen respiration and nitrite respiration, respectively. This highlights a limitation of predicting protein function from similarity to known proteins, i.e. very closely related protein domains in different organisms can have different redox partners.

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2008-09-01
2019-10-19
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