1887

Abstract

Intracellular replication of serovar Typhimurium within membrane-bound compartments, called -containing vacuoles, depends on the activities of several effector proteins translocated by the pathogenicity island 2 (SPI-2)-encoded type III secretion system. The SPI-2 effector protein SseJ shows similarity at the amino acid level to several GDSL lipases with glycerophospholipid : cholesterol acyltransferase (GCAT) activity. In this study, we show that catalytic serine-dependent phospholipase A (PLA) and GCAT activity of recombinant SseJ is potentiated by factor(s) present in HeLa cells, RAW macrophages and . SseJ activity was enhanced with increasing amounts of, or preincubation with, eukaryotic cell extracts. Analysis of the activating factor(s) shows that it is soluble and heat- and protease-sensitive. We conclude that PLA and GCAT activities of SseJ are potentiated by proteinaceous eukaryotic factor(s).

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2008-09-01
2019-11-15
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