1887

Abstract

Precise regulation of the number and placement of flagella is critical for the mono-polar-flagellated bacterium to swim efficiently. We have shown previously that the number of polar flagella is positively regulated by FlhF and negatively regulated by FlhG. We now show that Δ cells are non-flagellated as are most Δ cells; however, some of the Δ cells have several flagella at lateral positions. We found that FlhF–GFP was localized at the flagellated pole, and its polar localization was seen more intensely in Δ cells. On the other hand, most of the FlhG–GFP was diffused throughout the cytoplasm, although some was localized at the pole. To investigate the FlhF–FlhG interaction, immunoprecipitation was performed by using an anti-FlhF antibody, and FlhG co-precipitated with FlhF. From these results we propose a model in which FlhF localization at the pole determines polar location and production of a flagellum, FlhG interacts with FlhF to prevent FlhF from localizing at the pole, and thus FlhG negatively regulates flagellar number in cells.

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2008-05-01
2019-08-22
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