1887

Abstract

is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that genetically transforms plants and, under laboratory conditions, also transforms non-plant organisms, such as fungi and yeasts. During the transformation process a piece of ssDNA (T-strand) is transferred into the host cells via a type IV secretion system. The VirD2 relaxase protein, which is covalently attached at the 5′ end of the T-strand through Tyr29, mediates nuclear entry as it contains a nuclear localization sequence. How the T-strand reaches the chromatin and becomes integrated in the chromosomal DNA is still far from clear. Here, we investigated whether VirD2 binds to histone proteins in the yeast . Using immobilized GFP-VirD2 and synthesized His-tagged proteins, interactions between VirD2 and the histones H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 were revealed. , these interactions were confirmed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation experiments. After co-cultivation of strains expressing VirD2 tagged with a fragment of the yellow fluorescent protein analogue Venus with yeast strains expressing histone H2A or H2B tagged with the complementary part of Venus, fluorescence was detected in dot-shaped structures in the recipient yeast cells. The results indicated that VirD2 was transferred from to yeast cells and that it interacted with histones in the host cell, and thus may help direct the T-DNA (transferred DNA) to the chromatin as a prelude to integration into the host chromosomal DNA.

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2015-02-01
2019-10-16
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