1887

Abstract

The ECF (extracytoplasmic function) alternative sigma factor, σ (AlgT/U), is required for expression of the promoter of the operon for alginate biosynthesis in Alginate production promotes chronic pulmonary infections by this opportunistic pathogen in patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. σ is normally sequestered, but its deregulation and activation occur either by mutation in (encoding an anti-sigma factor) or in response to envelope stress, such as inhibition of peptidoglycan synthesis. The σ stress response system includes many genes in addition to those for alginate. In the present study, we characterized an intergenic region between ORFs PA2559 and PA2560 in PAO1 for a σ-dependent, stress-responsive transcript, described here as PA2559.1. Northern analysis and transcript end-mapping indicated the PA2559.1 transcript was ~310 nt in length. Examination of the DNA sequence upstream of +1 revealed a σ core promoter motif, GAATTT-N-TCTGT, and site-directed mutagenesis confirmed this to be a σ-dependent promoter that was highly activated during cell wall stress. PA2559.1 also contained an ORF that demonstrated increased translational activity upon cell wall stress. As determined by mutant analysis, the protein encoded by PA2559.1 was shown to play a positive role in the σ-dependent activation of the promoter under stress in both sessile (i.e. biofilm) and planktonic conditions. Thus, it appeared to act as a stress response facilitator and so was named SrfA. The sequence of SrfA was found to be novel in nature and extremely well conserved only in , suggesting that it is of high evolutionary importance in this species.

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2015-01-01
2019-11-18
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