1887

Abstract

The polymerization of lipid intermediate II by the transglycosylase activity of penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) represents an important target for antibacterial action, but limited methods are available for quantitative assay of this reaction, or screening potential inhibitors. A new labelling method for lipid II polymerization products using Sanger’s reagent (fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene), followed by gel permeation HPLC analysis, has permitted the observation of intermediate polymerization products for monofunctional transglycosylase MGT. Peak formation is inhibited by 6 µM ramoplanin or enduracidin. Characterization by mass spectrometry indicates the formation of tetrasaccharide and octasaccharide intermediates, but not a hexasaccharide intermediate, suggesting a dimerization of a lipid-linked tetrasaccharide. Numerical modelling of the time-course data supports a kinetic model involving addition to lipid-linked tetrasaccharide of either lipid II or lipid-linked tetrasaccharide. Observation of free octasaccharide suggests that hydrolysis of the undecaprenyl diphosphate lipid carrier occurs at this stage in peptidoglycan transglycosylation.

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2014-08-01
2020-08-05
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