1887

Abstract

Apoptosis involves a cascade of caspase activation leading to the ordered dismantling of critical cell components. However, little is known about the dismantling process in non-apoptotic cell death where caspases are not involved. is a good model system to study caspase-independent cell death where experimental accessibility of non-apoptotic cell death is easier and molecular redundancy is reduced compared with other animal models. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is one of the key players in cell death. We have previously reported the role of PARP in development and the oxidative stress-induced cell death of possesses nine PARP genes and does not have a caspase gene, and thus it provides a better model system to dissect the role of PARP in caspase-independent cell death. The current study shows that non-apoptotic cell death in occurs in a programmed fashion where proteases cause mitochondrial membrane potential changes followed by plasma membrane rupture and early loss of plasma membrane integrity. Furthermore, the results suggest that calpains and cathepsin D, which are instrumental in dismantling the cell, act downstream of PARP. Thus, PARP, apoptosis inducing factor, calpains and cathepsin D are the key players in caspase-independent cell death, acting in a sequential manner.

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2014-06-01
2019-09-16
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