1887

Abstract

pBsph is a mosquitocidal plasmid first identified from , encoding binary toxins (Bin toxins) that are highly toxic to mosquito larvae. This plasmid plays an important role in the maintenance and evolution of the genes in . However, little is known about its replication and partitioning. Here, we identified a 2.4 kb minimal replicon of pBsph plasmid that contained an operon encoding TubR-Bs and TubZ-Bs, each of which was shown to be required for plasmid replication. TubR-Bs was shown to be a transcriptional repressor of -Bs genes and could bind cooperatively to the replication origin of eleven 12 bp degenerate repeats in three blocks, and this binding was essential for plasmid replication. TubZ-Bs exhibited GTPase activities and interacted with TubR-Bs : DNA complex to form a ternary nucleoprotein apparatus. Electron and fluorescence microscopy revealed that TubZ-Bs assembled filaments both and , and two point mutations in TubZ-Bs (T114A and Y260A) that severely impaired the GTPase and polymerization activities were found to be defective for plasmid maintenance. Further investigation demonstrated that overproduction of TubZ-Bs-GFP or its mutant forms significantly reduced the stability of pBsph. Taken together, these results suggested that TubR-Bs and TubZ-Bs are involved in the replication and probably in the partitioning of pBsph plasmid, increasing our understanding of the genetic particularity of TubZ systems.

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2014-06-01
2019-10-21
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