1887

Abstract

Despite numerous studies of the parasitic phase, the stages of its nuclear cycle leading to the formation of endoconidia have yet to be properly described. resists culture and can only be investigated on histological preparations. We have evaluated tissue sections collected from 35 host species with rhinosporidosis searching for the presence of mitotic figures during sporangia development. This study found that soon after endoconidia release, the prominent reddish vesicles typical of this stage vanished leading to the development of juvenile sporangia (JS) 12–70 µm in diameter. This stage possesses granular cytoplasm, a thick cell wall, and a central reddish nucleus with a conspicuous nucleolus. The first nuclear division takes place in the JS. It is a rarely encountered event characterized by the development of a distorted nucleus leading to the formation of two nuclei without cytokinesis. The finding of multiple nuclear divisions at prophase-, metaphase- and telophase-like stages without cytokinesis was detected in intermediate sporangia (IS). IS with multiple dividing nuclei seem to be at the same stage of nuclear partitioning, suggesting synchronized nuclear division. In these sporangia, the nuclei continue divisions without cytokinesis until the sporangia reach ≥300 µm in diameter. The last nuclear division prior to cytokinesis appears to take place in very large sporangia with thousands of nuclei. The build-up of cytoplasm around each nucleus and the formation of a thin cell wall lead to the formation of endoconidia. This study revealed the presence of several mechanisms of pathogenesis in that deserved further investigation.

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2013-08-01
2020-08-10
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