1887

Abstract

The DLP12 lysis cassette (, , /) is required in certain strains for normal curli expression and biofilm development. Tightly controlled regulation of the lysis cassette is of particular importance, since its overexpression causes host cell lysis. analysis revealed a putative intrinsic transcriptional terminator 100 bp upstream of and within 2000 bp of (), a putative lambda (λ) Q-like antiterminator. We hypothesized that may be required for effective expression of the lysis cassette. In this work we report on the role of as a positive regulator of DLP12 lysis cassette expression. Mutants lacking exhibited a biofilm-defective phenotype analogous to that of the lysis cassette knockouts. This defect occurred through the downregulation of curli transcription, which is also consistent with that seen in the lysis cassette mutants and was restored by complementation by ectopic expression of . In addition, overexpression caused cell lysis, as demonstrated by leakage of βgalactosidase activity from cells. This was accompanied by upregulation of the DLP12 lysis cassette as demonstrated by increased transcription, which was documented with -reporter assays, RT-PCR and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). We provide evidence that this Q-mediated effect resulted from direct interaction of Q with the lysis cassette promoter (), as demonstrated by electrophoretic gel mobility shift assay (EMSA). We propose that encodes a functional transcriptional regulator, which promotes expression of the DLP12 lysis cassette. This work provides evidence of a regulator from a defective prophage affecting host cell physiology.

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2013-04-01
2021-07-28
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