1887

Abstract

The gene, encoding a product resembling a GntR-family transcriptional regulator, has previously been identified as a gene required for the production of the dipeptide antibiotic bacilysin in . To understand the broader regulatory roles of LutR in , we studied the genome-wide effects of a null mutation by combining transcriptional profiling studies using DNA microarrays, reverse transcription quantitative PCR, fusion analyses and gel mobility shift assays. We report that 65 transcriptional units corresponding to 23 mono-cistronic units and 42 operons show altered expression levels in mutant cells, as compared with wild-type cells in early stationary phase. Among these, 11 single genes and 25 operons are likely to be under direct control of LutR. The products of these genes are involved in a variety of physiological processes associated with the onset of stationary phase in , including degradative enzyme production, antibiotic production and resistance, carbohydrate utilization and transport, nitrogen metabolism, phosphate uptake, fatty acid and phospholipid biosynthesis, protein synthesis and translocation, cell-wall metabolism, energy production, transfer of mobile genetic elements, induction of phage-related genes, sporulation, delay of sporulation and cannibalism, and biofilm formation. Furthermore, an electrophoretic mobility shift assay performed in the presence of both SinR and LutR revealed a close overlap between the LutR and SinR targets. Our data also revealed a significant overlap with the AbrB regulon. Together, these findings reveal that LutR is part of the global complex, interconnected regulatory systems governing adaptation of bacteria to the transition from exponential growth to stationary phase.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council (Award TBAG-106T535)
  • Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Foundation
  • ALW-NWO (Award 818.02.004)
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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.064675-0
2014-02-01
2021-10-18
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