1887

Abstract

Two pathways for glycerol dissimilation are present in . Either glycerol is first phosphorylated by glycerol kinase and then oxidized by glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase with molecular oxygen as the electron acceptor (GlpO/GlpK pathway), or it is first oxidized by glycerol dehydrogenase with NAD as the acceptor of the reduction equivalents and then phosphorylated by dihydroxyacetone kinase (GldA/DhaK pathway). The final end product in both cases is dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP). The genes of the GldA/DhaK pathway are present in a four-gene operon structure encoding GldA, a small hypothetical protein (EF1359), and two subunits of dihydroxyacetone kinase (DhaK and DhaL). We demonstrate in this study that protein EF1359 is part of a phosphorylation cascade which phosphorylates dihydroxyacetone in a phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-dependent reaction via EI, HPr, EF1359 and DhaLK. Furthermore we show that aerobic dissimilation of glycerol via the GldA/DhaK pathway is dependent on active NADH oxidase to regenerate NADH in A refined model of the aerobic metabolism of glycerol via the GldA/DhaK pathway is presented.

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2012-10-01
2022-01-29
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