1887

Abstract

Certain heavy metal ions such as copper and zinc serve as essential cofactors of many enzymes, but are toxic at high concentrations. Thus, intracellular levels have to be subtly balanced. P-type ATPases of the P-subclass play a major role in metal homeostasis. The thermoacidophile possesses two P-ATPases named CopA and CopB. Both enzymes are present in cells grown in copper-depleted medium and are accumulated upon an increase in the external copper concentration. We studied the physiological roles of both ATPases by disrupting genes and . Neither of them affected the sensitivity of to reactive oxygen species, nor were they a strict prerequisite to the biosynthesis of the copper protein cytochrome oxidase. Deletion mutant analysis demonstrated that CopA is an effective copper pump at low and high copper concentrations. CopB appeared to be a low-affinity copper export ATPase, which was only relevant if the media copper concentration was exceedingly high. CopA and CopB thus act as resistance factors to copper ions at overlapping concentrations. Moreover, growth tests on solid media indicated that both ATPases are involved in resistance to silver.

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2012-06-01
2020-07-10
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