1887

Abstract

Catabolism of amino acids is a central process in cellular nitrogen turnover, but only a few of the mechanisms involved have been described from basidiomycete fungi. This study identified one such mechanism, the -amino acid oxidase (Lao1) enzyme of , by 2D gel separation and MS. We determined genomic DNA sequences of and part of its upstream gene, a putative pyruvate decarboxylase (), and cloned the cDNA of . The two genes were also identified and annotated from the genome of . The and gene structures were conserved between the two fungi. The intergenic region of possessed putative duplications not detected in . Lao1 sequences possessed dinucleotide-binding motifs typical for flavoproteins. Lao1 was less than 23 % identical to Lao sequences described previously. Recombinant Lao1 of was expressed in , purified and refolded with SDS to gain catalytic activity. The enzyme possessed broad substrate specificity: 37 -amino acids or derivatives served as effective substrates. The highest activities were recorded with -glutamate, but positively charged and aromatic amino acids were also accepted. Michaelis constants for six amino acids varied from 0.5 to 6.7 mM. We have thus characterized a novel type of Lao-enzyme and its gene from the basidiomycete fungus .

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2012-01-01
2022-01-24
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