1887

Abstract

species are ubiquitous soil fungi that hold enormous potential for the development of credible alternatives to agrochemicals and synthetic fertilizers in sustainable crop production. In this paper, we show that substantial improvements in plant productivity can be met by genetic modification of a plant-growth-promoting and biocontrol strain of , but that these improvements are obtained in the absence of disease pressure only. Using a quantitative monoclonal antibody-based ELISA, we show that an -acetyl-β--glucosaminidase-deficient mutant of , generated by insertional mutagenesis of the corresponding gene, has impaired saprotrophic competitiveness during antagonistic interactions with in soil. Furthermore, its fitness as a biocontrol agent of the pre-emergence damping-off pathogen is significantly reduced, and its ability to promote plant growth is constrained by the presence of both pathogens. This work shows that while gains in . -mediated plant-growth-promotion can be met through genetic manipulation of a single beneficial trait, such a modification has negative impacts on other aspects of its biology and ecology that contribute to its success as a saprotrophic competitor and antagonist of soil-borne pathogens. The work has important implications for fungal morphogenesis, demonstrating a clear link between hyphal architecture and secretory potential. Furthermore, it highlights the need for a holistic approach to the development of genetically modified strains for use as crop stimulants and biocontrol agents in plant agriculture.

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2012-01-01
2019-10-22
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