1887

Abstract

Atomic force microscopy was used to investigate the surface ultrastructure, adhesive properties and biofilm formation of and a mutant strain. The surface ultrastructure of wild-type consists of tightly packed surface subunits, whereas the mutant has much larger subunits with loose lateral packing. The mutant strain is not capable of developing fully mature biofilms, consistent with its altered surface ultrastructure, greater roughness and stronger adhesion to hydrophilic surfaces. For both strains, surface roughness and adhesive forces increased as a function of calcium ion concentration, and for each, biofilms were thicker at higher calcium concentrations.

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2011-11-01
2019-10-13
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