1887

Abstract

DRA0282, a hypothetical protein, was found in a pool of nucleotide-binding proteins in cells recovering from gamma radiation stress. This pool exhibited an unusual inhibition of nuclease activity by ATP. The N terminus of DRA0282 showed similarity to human Ku80 homologues, while the C terminus showed no similarities to known proteins. The recombinant protein required Mn for its interaction with DNA and protected dsDNA from exonuclease III degradation. The binding of the protein to supercoiled DNA with a of ~2.93 nM was nearly 20-fold stronger than its binding to ssDNA and nearly 67-fold stronger than its binding to linear dsDNA. cells expressing DRA0282 showed a RecA-dependent enhancement of UV and gamma radiation tolerance. The Δ mutant of showed a dose-dependent response to gamma radiation. At 14 kGy, the Δ mutant showed nearly 10-fold less survival, while at this dose both  : : Δ and  : :  mutants were nearly 100-fold more sensitive than the wild-type. These results suggested that DRA0282 is a DNA-binding protein with a preference for superhelical DNA, and that it plays a role in bacterial resistance to DNA damage through a pathway in which PprA perhaps plays a dominant role in .

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2011-08-01
2021-07-28
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