1887

Abstract

Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are cytotoxic -glycosidases identified in numerous plants, but also constitute a subunit of the bacterial Shiga toxin. Classification of plant RIPs is based on the absence (type I) or presence (type II) of an additional lectin module. In Shiga toxin, sugar binding is mediated by a distinct RIP-associated homopentamer. In the genome of two actinomycetes, we identified RIP-like proteins that resemble plant type I RIPs rather than the RIP subunit (StxA) of Shiga toxin. Some representatives of - and -proteobacteria also contain genes encoding RIP-like proteins, but these are homologous to StxA. Here, we describe the isolation and initial characterization of the RIP-like gene product SCO7092 (RIPsc) from the Gram-positive soil bacterium . The gene was expressed in as a recombinant protein of about 30 kDa, and displayed the characteristic -glycosidase activity causing specific rRNA depurination. In and , RIPsc overproduction resulted in a dramatic decrease in the growth rate. In addition, intracellular production was deleterious for . However, when applied externally to microbial cells, purified RIPsc did not display antibacterial or antifungal activity, suggesting that it cannot enter these cells. In a cell-free system, however, purified RIPsc protein displayed strong inhibitory activity towards protein translation.

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2010-10-01
2019-10-20
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