1887

Abstract

As a part of our initiative aimed at a large-scale comparative analysis of fungal mitochondrial genomes, we determined the complete DNA sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the yeast and found that it exhibits a number of peculiar features. First, the mitochondrial genome is represented by linear dsDNA molecules of uniform length (29 795 bp), with an unusually high content of guanine and cytosine residues (52.7 %). Second, the coding sequences lack introns; thus, the genome has a relatively compact organization. Third, the termini of the linear molecules consist of long inverted repeats and seem to contain a protein covalently bound to terminal nucleotides at the 5′ ends. This architecture resembles the telomeres in a number of linear viral and plasmid DNA genomes classified as invertrons, in which the terminal proteins serve as specific primers for the initiation of DNA synthesis. Finally, although the mitochondrial genome of contains essentially the same set of genes as other closely related pathogenic species, we identified additional ORFs encoding two homologues of the family B protein-priming DNA polymerases and an unknown protein. The terminal structures and the genes for DNA polymerases are reminiscent of linear mitochondrial plasmids, indicating that this genome architecture might have emerged from fortuitous recombination between an ancestral, presumably circular, mitochondrial genome and an invertron-like element.

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2010-07-01
2019-10-22
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