1887

Abstract

Successful transmission of by its leafhopper vector requires a specific interaction between the spiroplasma surface and the insect cells. With the aim of studying these interactions at the cellular and molecular levels, a cell line, named Ciha-1, was established using embryonic tissues from the eggs of the natural vector . This is the first report, to our knowledge, of a cell line for this leafhopper species and of its successful infection by the insect-transmissible strain GII3. Adherence of the spiroplasmas to the cultured Ciha-1 cells was studied by c.f.u. counts and by electron microscopy. Entry of the spiroplasmas into the insect cells was analysed quantitatively by gentamicin protection assays and qualitatively by double immunofluorescence microscopy. Spiroplasmas were detected within the cell cytoplasm as early as 1 h after inoculation and survived at least 2 days inside the cells. Comparing the insect-transmissible GII3 and non-insect-transmissible 44 strains revealed that adherence to and entry into Ciha-1 cells of 44 were significantly less efficient than those of GII3.

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2010-04-01
2019-12-11
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