1887

Abstract

DNA replication in eukaryotes is a highly conserved process marked by the licensing of multiple origins, with pre-replication complex assembly in G1 phase, followed by the onset of replication at these origins in S phase. The two strands replicate by different mechanisms, and DNA synthesis is brought about by the activity of the replicative DNA polymerases Pol and Pol ϵ. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) augments the processivity of these polymerases by serving as a DNA sliding clamp protein. This study reports the cloning of PCNA from the protozoan , which is the causative agent of the systemic disease visceral leishmaniasis. PCNA was demonstrated to be robustly expressed in actively proliferating promastigotes. We found that the protein was present primarily in the nucleus throughout the cell cycle, and it was found in both proliferating procyclic and metacyclic promastigotes. However, levels of expression of PCNA varied through cell cycle progression, with maximum expression evident in G1 and S phases. The subnuclear pattern of expression of PCNA differed in different stages of the cell cycle; it formed distinct subnuclear foci in S phase, while it was distributed in a more diffuse pattern in G2/M phase and post-mitotic phase cells. These subnuclear foci are the sites of active DNA replication, suggesting that replication factories exist in , as they do in higher eukaryotes, thus opening avenues for investigating other proteins that are involved in DNA replication as part of these replication factories.

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2009-11-01
2020-01-27
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vol. , part 11, pp. 3748-3757

CLUSTAL W( www.ebi.ac.uk/Tools/clustalw2) analysis of LdPCNA and PCNAs from other trypanosomatids viewed using the Jalview multiple alignment editor (Waterhouse , 2009).

Jalview Version 2 - a multiple sequence alignment editor and analysis workbench. , 1189-1191. Medline



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