1887

Abstract

is a recently described novel endophytic fungus of (wild pineapple) growing in the Bolivian Amazon Basin. The fungus produces a mixture of volatile organic compounds (VOCs); some of the major components of this mixture, as determined by GC/MS, are propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, methyl ester; propanoic acid, 2-methyl-; 1-butanol, 3-methyl-;1-butanol, 3-methyl-, acetate; propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 2-methylbutyl ester; and ethanol. The fungus does not, however, produce naphthalene or azulene derivatives as has been observed with many other members of the genus . The mixture of VOCs produced by cultures possesses antibiotic properties, as does an artificial mixture of a majority of the components. The VOCs of the fungus are effective against a wide range of plant pathogens, including the fungi , , and (the black sigatoka pathogen of bananas), and the serious bacterial pathogen of citrus, pv In addition, the VOCs of killed several human pathogens, including , and . Artificial mixtures of the fungal VOCs were both inhibitory and lethal to a number of human and plant pathogens, including three drug-resistant strains of The gaseous products of potentially could prove to be beneficial in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and industry.

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2010-01-01
2020-08-08
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