1887

Abstract

The hyperthermophilic archaeon is a strict anaerobe. It is therefore not expected to use the oxidative tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle for energy transduction. Nonetheless, its genome encodes more putative TCA cycle enzymes than the closely related and , including an aconitase (PF0201). Furthermore, a two-subunit fumarase (PF1755 and PF1754) is encoded on the genome. In the present study, these three genes were heterologously overexpressed in to enable characterization of the enzymes. PF1755 and PF1754 were shown to form a [4Fe–4S]-cluster-containing heterodimeric enzyme, able to catalyse the reversible hydratation of fumarate. The aconitase PF0201 also contained an Fe–S cluster, and catalysed the conversion from citrate to isocitrate. The fumarase belongs to the class of two-subunit, [4Fe–4S]-cluster-containing fumarate hydratases exemplified by MmcBC from ; the aconitase belongs to the aconitase A family. Aconitase probably plays a role in amino acid synthesis when the organism grows on carbohydrates. However, the function of the seemingly metabolically isolated fumarase in has yet to be established.

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2009-09-01
2019-10-13
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