1887

Abstract

Isolates of ‘’ were recovered after ice-affinity selection of summer-collected soils. ‘’ DL7 was further characterized and shown to have ice nucleation activity (INA), a property that allows the crystallization of ice at temperatures close to the melting point, effectively preventing the supercooling of water. INA was optimally detected after culturing at temperatures consistent with psychrophilic growth. The sequence encoding the ‘’ ice nucleation protein (INP) was obtained using both PCR and chromosome walking. When expressed in the resulting recombinants had INA. The ‘’ sequence, dubbed , is clearly related to previously cloned INP genes, but it shows greater divergence. Sequence analysis suggests that there are two opposite flat surfaces, one relatively hydrophobic that likely serves as an ice template, and the other that could function as a complementary face to facilitate interprotein interaction for ice-step formation.

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2009-04-01
2019-10-20
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