1887
Preview this article:

There is no abstract available.

  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The Microbiology Society waived the open access fees for this article.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.001463
2024-05-21
2024-06-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/micro/170/5/mic001463.html?itemId=/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.001463&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Ahmed H, Joshi LT. Clostridioides difficile spores tolerate disinfection with sodium hypochlorite disinfectant and remain viable within surgical scrubs and gown fabrics. Microbiology 2023; 169:001418 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Maillard JY. Resistance of bacteria to biocides. Microbiol Spectr 2018; 6:6–2 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Jones IA, Joshi LT. Biocide use in the antimicrobial era: a review. Molecules 2021; 26:2276 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Department of Health UK Clostridioides difficile infection: How to deal with the problem; 2008 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/clostridium-difficile-infection-how-to-deal-with-the-problem accessed 21 February 2024
  5. Knight DR, Elliott B, Chang BJ, Perkins TT, Riley TV. Diversity and evolution in the genome of Clostridium difficile. Clin Microbiol Rev 2015; 28:721–741 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cadnum J, Kaple C, Rutala W, Donskey CJ. Comment on the effectiveness of sodium Hypochlorite against Clostridioides difficile spores. Microbiology 2024; 170: [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Decousser JW, Barbut F, Baron R, Parneix P, Lavigne T et al. Comments on the tolerance of Clostridioides difficile spores to Disinfection with sodium Hypochlorite Disinfectant. Microbiology 2024; 170: [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bloomfield SF, Arthur M. Interaction of Bacillus subtilis spores with sodium hypochlorite, sodium dichloroisocyanurate and chloramine-T. J Appl Bacteriol 1992; 72:166–172 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bloomfield SF, Arthur M. Effect of chlorine-releasing agents on Bacillus subtilis vegetative cells and spores. Lett Appl Microbiol 1989; 8:101–104 [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bloomfield SF, Uso EE. The antibacterial properties of sodium hypochlorite and sodium dichloroisocyanurate as hospital disinfectants. J Hosp Infect 1985; 6:20–30 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Williams ND, Russell AD. The nature and site of biocide-induced sublethal injury in Bacillus subtilis spores. FEMS Microbiol Lett 1992; 78:277–280 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Francis MB, Allen CA, Sorg JA. Spore cortex hydrolysis precedes dipicolinic acid release during Clostridium difficile spore germination. J Bacteriol 2015; 197:2276–2283 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Francis MB, Sorg JA. Dipicolinic acid release by germinating Clostridium difficile spores occurs through a mechanosensing mechanism. mSphere 2016; 1:10–1128 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Shrestha R, Cochran AM, Sorg JA. The requirement for co-germinants during Clostridium difficile spore germination is influenced by mutations in yabG and cspA. PLoS Pathog 2019; 15:e1007681 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Nerber HN, Sorg JA. The small acid-soluble proteins of Clostridioides difficile are important for UV resistance and serve as a check point for sporulation. PLoS Pathog 2021; 17:e1009516 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Dawson LF, Valiente E, Donahue EH, Birchenough G, Wren BW. Hypervirulent Clostridium difficile PCR-ribotypes exhibit resistance to widely used disinfectants. PLoS One 2011; 6:e25754 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Fawley WN, Underwood S, Freeman J, Baines SD, Saxton K et al. Efficacy of hospital cleaning agents and germicides against epidemic Clostridium difficile strains. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007; 28:920–925 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Tarrant J, Jenkins RO, Laird KT. From ward to washer: the survival of Clostridium difficile spores on hospital bed sheets through a commercial UK NHS healthcare laundry process. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018; 39:1406–1411 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Tarrant J, Owen L, Jenkins R, Smith LJ, Laird K. Survival of Clostridioides difficile spores in thermal and chemo-thermal laundering processes and influence of the exosporium on their adherence to cotton bed sheets. Lett Appl Microbiol 2022; 75:1449–1459 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Michael K, No D, Dankoff J, Lee K, Lara-Crawford E et al. Clostridium difficile environmental contamination within a clinical laundry facility in the USA. FEMS Microbiol Lett 2016; 363:fnw236 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Siler K, Lee K, Bero L. Measuring the effectiveness of scientific gatekeeping. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2015; 112:360–365 [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Thomas RE, Thomas BC, Lorenzetti D, Conly J. Hospital and long-term care facility environmental service workers’ training, skills, activities and effectiveness in cleaning and disinfection: a systematic review. J Hosp Infect 2022; 124:56–66 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Dancer SJ. Hospital cleaning in the 21st century. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2011; 30:1473–1481 [View Article]
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Setlow P. Observations on research with spores of Bacillales and Clostridiales species. J Appl Microbiol 2019; 126:348–358 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rutala WA, Cole EC, Thomann CA, Weber DJ. Stability and bactericidal activity of chlorine solutions. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1998; 19:323–327 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Young SB, Setlow P. Mechanisms of killing of Bacillus subtilis spores by hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide. J Appl Microbiol 2003; 95:54–67 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Jencson AL, Cadnum JL, Wilson BM, Donskey CJ. Spores on wheels: wheelchairs are a potential vector for dissemination ofpathogens in healthcare facilities. Am J Infect Control 2019; 47:459–461 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Donskey CJ. Beyond high-touch surfaces: portable equipment and floors as potential sources of transmission of health care-associated pathogens. Am J Infect Control 2019; 47S:A90–A95 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Waterfield S, Ahmed H, Jones IA, Burky R, Joshi LT. Isolation of Clostridioides difficile PCR Ribotype 027 from single-use hospital gown ties. J Med Microbiol 2022; 71:001550 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Joshi LT, Phillips DS, Williams CF, Alyousef A, Baillie L. Contribution of spores to the ability of Clostridium difficile to adhere to surfaces. Appl Environ Microbiol 2012; 78:7671–7679 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Joshi LT, Welsch A, Hawkins J, Baillie L. The effect of hospital biocide sodium dichloroisocyanurate on the viability and properties of Clostridium difficile spores. Lett Appl Microbiol 2017; 65:199–205 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Dyer C, Hutt LP, Burky R, Joshi LT. Biocide resistance and transmission of Clostridium difficile spores spiked onto clinical surfaces from an American Health care facility. Appl Environ Microbiol 2019; 85:e01090-19 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Malyshev D, Jones IA, McKracken M, Öberg R, Harper GM et al. Hypervirulent R20291 Clostridioides difficile spores show disinfection resilience to sodium hypochlorite despite structural changes. BMC Microbiol 2023; 23:59 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Paredes-Sabja D, Shen A, Sorg JA. Clostridium difficile spore biology: sporulation, germination, and spore structural proteins. Trends Microbiol 2014; 22:406–416 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Gemein S, Andrich R, Christiansen B, Decius M, Exner M et al. Efficacy of five “sporicidal” surface disinfectants against Clostridioides difficile spores in suspension tests and 4-field tests. J Hosp Infect 2022; 122:140–147 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Malyshev D, Baillie L. Surface morphology differences in Clostridium difficile spores, based on different strains and methods of purification. Anaerobe 2020; 61:102078 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Eisenberg RS. Academic freedom and academic values in sponsored research. Tex L Rev 1987; 66:1363
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Rex JH, Outterson K. Antibiotic reimbursement in a model delinked from sales: a benchmark-based worldwide approach. Lancet Infect Dis 2016; 16:500–505 [View Article] [PubMed]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.001463
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error