1887

Abstract

The genus is closely associated with foodborne outbreaks and animal diseases, and reports of antimicrobial resistance in species are frequent. Several alternatives have been developed to control this pathogen, such as cell-free supernatants (CFS). Our objective here was to evaluate the use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) CFS against . Seventeen strains of LAB were used to produce CFS, and their antimicrobial activity was screened towards six strains of . In addition, CFS were also pH-neutralized and/or boiled. Those with the best results were lyophilized. MICs of lyophilized CFS were 11.25–22.5 g l. Freeze-dried CFS were also used to supplement swine and poultry feed (11.25 g kg) and simulated digestion of both species was performed, with contamination of 5×10 and 2×10 c.f.u. g of swine and poultry feed, respectively. In the antimicrobial screening, all acidic CFS were able to inhibit the growth of . After pH neutralization, Llorente, CCT 1629, PUCPR44, BioGaia, ATCC 7469 and UM116 CFS were the only strains that partially maintained their antimicrobial activity and, therefore, were chosen for lyophilization. In the simulated swine digestion, counts were reduced ≥1.78 log c.f.u. g in the digesta containing either of the CFS. In the chicken simulation, a significant reduction was obtained with all CFS used (average reduction of 0.59±0.01 log c.f.u. ml). In general, the lyophilized CFS of CCT 1629, ATCC 7469 and Llorente presented better antimicrobial activity. In conclusion, CFS show potential as feed additives to control in animal production and may be an alternative to the use of antibiotics, minimizing problems related to antimicrobial resistance.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (Award 308598/2020-2)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Bittencourt LucianoFernando
  • Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (Award 437728/2018-8)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Bittencourt LucianoFernando
  • Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Award 001)
    • Principle Award Recipient: Gonçalves EvangelistaAlberto
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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.001102
2021-11-05
2021-12-03
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