1887

Abstract

Biofilms are communities of bacteria that are attached to a surface and surrounded by an extracellular matrix. The extracellular matrix protects the community from stressors in the environment, making biofilms robust. The Gram-positive soil bacterium particularly the isolate NCIB 3610, is widely used as a model for studying biofilm formation. NCIB 3610 forms colony biofilms that are architecturally complex and highly hydrophobic. The hydrophobicity is linked, in part, to the localisation of the protein BslA at the surface of the biofilm, which provides the community with increased resistance to biocides. As most of our knowledge about biofilm formation comes from one isolate, it is unclear if biofilm hydrophobicity is a widely distributed feature of the species. To address this knowledge gap, we collated a library of soil isolates and acquired their whole genome sequences. We used our novel isolates to examine biofilm hydrophobicity and found that, although BslA is encoded and produced by all isolates in our collection, hydrophobicity is not a universal feature of colony biofilms. To test whether the matrix exopolymer poly γ-glutamic acid could be masking hydrophobicity in our hydrophilic isolates, we constructed deletion mutants and found, contrary to our hypothesis, that the presence of poly γ-glutamic acid was not the reason for the observed hydrophilicity. This study highlights the natural variation in the properties of biofilms formed by different isolates and the importance of using a more diverse range of isolates as representatives of a species.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • biotechnology and biological sciences research council (Award BB/M010996/1)
    • Principle Award Recipient: MargaritaKalamara
  • biotechnology and biological sciences research council (Award BB/R012415/1)
    • Principle Award Recipient: CaitE. MacPhee
  • biotechnology and biological sciences research council (Award BB/P001335/1)
    • Principle Award Recipient: NicolaStanley-Wall
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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.001082
2021-09-06
2021-09-24
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