1887

Abstract

subspecies serovar Typhimurium (. Typhimurium) definitive phage type 104 (DT104), subspecies serovar Worthington (. Worthington) and produce ArtA and ArtB (ArtAB) toxin homologues, which catalyse ADP-ribosylation of pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein. ArtAB gene () is encoded on prophage in DT104 and its expression is induced by mitomycin C (MTC) and hydrogen peroxide (HO) that trigger the bacterial SOS response. Although the genetic regulatory mechanism associated with expression is not characterized, it is thought to be associated with prophage induction, which occurs when the RecA-mediated SOS response is triggered. Here we show that subinhibitory concentration of quinolone antibiotics that are SOS-inducing agents, also induce ArtAB production in these strains. Both MTC and fluoroquinolone antibiotics such as enrofloxacin-induced and transcription and -encoding prophage (ArtAB-prophage) in DT104 and . Worthington. However, in , which harbours genes on incomplete prophage, transcription was induced by MTC and enrofloxacin, but prophage induction was not observed. Taken together, these results suggest that SOS response followed by induction of transcription is essential for ArtAB production. HO-mediated induction of ArtAB prophage and efficient production of ArtAB was observed in DT104 but not in . Worthington and . Therefore, induction of expression with HO is strain-specific, and the mode of action of HO as an SOS-inducing agent might be different from those of MTC and quinolone antibiotics.

Funding
This study was supported by the:
  • Yukino Tamamura , A grant from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI , (Award 16K18797)
  • Ikuo Uchida , A grant from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI , (Award 18K06001)
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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.000939
2020-06-24
2020-09-20
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