1887

Abstract

In 2017, the US Food and Drug Administration investigated the sources of multiple outbreaks of salmonellosis. Epidemiologic and traceback investigations identified Maradol papayas as the suspect vehicles. During the investigations, the genomes of 55 that were isolated from papaya samples were sequenced. Serovar assignments and phylogenetic analysis placed the 55 isolates into ten distinct groups, each representing a different serovar. Within-serovar SNP differences are generally between 0 and 20 SNPs, while the median between-serovar distance is 51 812 SNPs. We observed two groups with SNP distances between 21 and 100 SNPs. These relatively large within-serovar SNP distances may indicate that the isolates represent either diverse populations or multiple, genetically distinct subpopulations. Further inspection of these cases with traceback evidence allowed us to identify an 11th population. We observed that high levels of genomic diversity from individual firms is possible, with one firm yielding five of the ten serovars. Also, high levels of diversity are possible within small geographic regions, as five of the serovars were isolated from papayas that originated from farms located in Armería and Tecomán, Colima. In addition, we identified AMR genes that are present in three of the serovars studied here ( and ) and we detected the presence of the plasmid IncHI2A among . Urbana isolates.

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2020-02-20
2020-06-04
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