1887

Abstract

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is the causative agent of enzootic pneumonia in swine, an important disease worldwide. It has finite biosynthetic capabilities, including a deficit in de novo nucleotide synthesis. The source(s) for nucleotides in vivo are unknown, but mycoplasmas are known to carry membrane-bound nucleases thought to participate in the acquisition of nucleotides from host genomic DNA. Recent research has demonstrated that neutrophils can produce extracellular traps (NETs), chromatin NETs decorated with granular proteins to interact with and eliminate pathogens. We hypothesized that M. hyopneumoniae could utilize its membrane nuclease to obtain nucleotides from extracellular traps to construct its own DNA. Using the human monocytic cell line THP-1, we induced macrophage extracellular traps (METs), which are structurally similar to NETs. The thymidine analogue ethynyl deoxyuridine (EdU) was incorporated into THP-1 DNA and METs were induced. When incubated with M. hyopneumoniae, METs were degraded and the modified nucleotide label could be co-localized within M. hyopneumoniae DNA. When the nucleases were inhibited, MET degradation and nucleotide transfer were also inhibited. Controls confirmed that the EdU originated directly from the METs and not from free nucleotides arising from intracellular pools released during extrusion of the chromosomal DNA. M. hyopneumoniae incorporated labelled nucleotides more efficiently when ‘fed’ on METs than from free nucleotides in the medium, suggesting a tight linkage between nuclease degradation of DNA and nucleotide transport. These results strongly suggest that M. hyopneumoniae could degrade extracellular traps formed in vivo during infection and incorporate those host nucleotides into its own DNA.

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/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.000717
2018-11-01
2019-08-26
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