1887

Abstract

is a fungicolous species which produces rich secondary metabolites. However, no genetic transformation method is available for further studies. Here, we developed a marker-less transformation system based on the complementation of an uridine/uracil biosynthetic gene by protoplast transformation. An uridine/uracil auxotrophic mutant of Δ was obtained by using a positive screening protocol with 5′-fluoroorotic acid as a selective reagent. To improve the homologous integration rates, the orthologues of and which play critical roles in non-homologous end-joining recombination were disrupted. The resulting mutant showed remarkable transformation rates of 89 %, while no change was found in the deletion mutant compared with the WT strain. This suggests that play a key role in the non-homologous recombination in this strain. Using this system, the biosynthetic gene cluster of trichothecene () harzianum B was identified by deletion of the in . Comparative genome analysis revealed that the trichothecene biosynthetic gene cluster in shared similar organizations with and , even though their encoded products are different in structures. Taken together, the highly efficient genetic system provides a convenient tool for studying the biosynthetic diversity and mining the novel natural product from the fungi.

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2018-05-01
2022-01-19
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