1887

Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major human pathogen responsible for significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Within the annotated genome of the pneumococcus lies a previously uncharacterized protein tyrosine phosphatase which shows homology to low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases (LMWPTPs). LMWPTPs modulate many processes critical for the pathogenicity of a number of bacteria including capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis, stress response and persistence in host macrophages. Here, we demonstrate that Spd1837 is indeed a LMWPTP, by purifying the protein, and characterizing its phosphatase activity. Spd1837 showed specific tyrosine phosphatase activity, and it did not form higher order oligomers in contrast to many other LMWPTPs. Substrate-trapping assays using the wild-type and the phosphatase-deficient Spd1837 identified potential substrates/interacting proteins including major metabolic enzymes such as ATP-dependent-6-phosphofructokinase and Hpr kinase/phosphorylase. Given the tight association between the bacterial basic physiology and virulence, this study hopes to prompt further investigation of how the pneumococcus controls its metabolic flux via the LMWPTP Spd1837.

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2018-02-26
2019-10-22
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