1887

Abstract

Bacteriocins are antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) produced by bacteria to acquire survival benefits during competitive inter- and intra-species interactions in complex ecosystems. In this study, an AMP-producing soil bacterial strain designated SKDU10 was isolated and identified as a member of the genus . The AMP produced by strain SKDU10 identified as a class IId bacteriocin with 57.6 % homology to laterosporulin, a defensin-like class IId bacteriocin. However, substantial differences were observed in the antimicrobial activity spectrum of this bacteriocin named laterosporulin10 when compared to laterosporulin. Laterosporulin10 effectively inhibited the growth of and (Mtb H37Rv) with LD values of 4.0 µM and 0.5 µM, respectively. Furthermore, laterosporulin10 inhibited the growth of Mtb H37Rv strain at about 20 times lower MIC value compared to MTCC 1430 or MC2 155 and . Electron micrographs along with membrane permeabilization studies using FACS analysis revealed that laterosporulin10 is a membrane-permeabilizing peptide. Interestingly, laterosporulin10 was able to efficiently kill Mtb H37Rv strain residing inside the macrophages and did not show haemolysis up to 40 µM concentration.

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2016-08-01
2020-01-23
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