1887

Abstract

Among multiple interconnected pathways for -Lysine catabolism in pseudomonads, it has been reported that PAO1 employs the decarboxylase and the transaminase pathways. However, up until now, knowledge of several genes involved in operation and regulation of these pathways was still missing. Transcriptome analyses coupled with promoter activity measurements and growth phenotype analyses led us to identify new members in -Lys and -Lys catabolism and regulation, including for glutarate utilization, , and PA2035 for -Lys catabolism, for putative -Lys efflux and for putative -Lys uptake. The operon encodes an acyl-CoA transferase () and glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase () and is under the control of the transcriptional activator GcdR. Growth on -Lys was enhanced in the mutants of and , supporting the operation of -Lys efflux. The transcriptional activator LysR is responsible for -Lys specific induction of and the PA4181-82 operon of unknown function. The putative operator sites of GcdR and LysR were deduced from serial deletions and comparative genomic sequence analyses, and the formation of nucleoprotein complexes was demonstrated with purified His-tagged GcdR and LysR. The operon encodes two enzymes to convert pipecolate to 2-aminoadipate. Induction of the operon by -Lys, -Lys and pipecolate requires a functional AmaR, supporting convergence of Lys catabolic pathways to pipecolate. Growth on pipecolate was retarded in the and mutants, suggesting the importance of glutarate in pipecolate and 2-aminoadipate utilization. Furthermore, this study indicated links in the control of interconnected networks of lysine and arginine catabolism in .

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2016-05-01
2021-07-25
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