1887

Abstract

is an avian enterohepatic species that, more recently, has also been found as a naturally acquired infection in mice and rats, and isolated from patients with gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary diseases. In this work, the interaction between and murine macrophages was examined. Firstly, the impact of nitric oxide, which is an antimicrobial produced by mammalian macrophages, on 6350-92 viability and morphology was studied by colony-forming assays and light microscopy, respectively. Exposure to nitric oxide lowered viability, in a growth-phase-dependent manner, and decreased the mean cell size. However, the number of coccoid forms remained low, contrasting with what has been observed for other species. Confocal microscopy showed that is internalized by murine macrophages, triggering nitric oxide production that promotes phagocytosis and killing of the pathogen. Interaction between and macrophages stimulated secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and MIP-2. These results show that is able to infect mammalian murine cells triggering an inflammatory response.

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2016-03-01
2019-10-14
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