1887

Abstract

RmpM is a periplasmic protein from that comprises an N-terminal domain (residues 1–47) and a separate globular C-terminal domain (residues 65–219) responsible for binding to peptidoglycan. Here we show, through the use of size exclusion chromatography and pull-down assays, that a recombinant N-terminal fragment of RmpM binds to both the major outer membrane porins, PorA and PorB. Analysis by semi-native SDS-PAGE established that both recombinant full-length RmpM and an N-terminal fragment, but not the C-terminal peptidoglycan-binding domain, were sufficient to stabilize the PorA and PorB oligomeric complexes. Evidence from binding assays indicated that the -diaminopimelate moiety plays an important role in peptidoglycan recognition by RmpM. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that two highly conserved residues, Asp120 and Arg135, play an important role in peptidoglycan binding. The yield of outer membrane vesicles, which have been used extensively as a vaccine against was considerably higher in an strain expressing a truncated N-terminal fragment of RmpM (ΔC-term ) than in the WT strain. The native oligomeric state of the PorA/PorB complexes was maintained in this strain. We conclude that the dual functions of RmpM are independent, and that it is possible to use this knowledge to engineer a strain with higher yield of outer membrane vesicles, whilst preserving PorA and PorB, which are key protective antigens, in their native oligomeric state.

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2016-02-01
2022-01-20
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