The plant virus cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is an efficient carrier of foreign peptides for the generation of strong humoral immune responses. Peptides derived from both viruses and bacteria are strongly immunogenic when displayed on the surface of CPMV and elicit high titres of peptide-specific antibody. However, the protective effects of antibodies generated using bacterial epitopes in this system have yet to be demonstrated. In this study the ability of chimaeric virus particles (CVPs) to afford protection against bacterial infection was assessed. Immunization of outbred mice with CPMV expressing a peptide derived from outer-membrane protein F of (CPMV-PAE5) generated high titres of -specific IgG that opsonized the bacteria for phagocytosis by human neutrophils and afforded protection upon challenge with two different immunotypes of in a model of chronic pulmonary infection. When examined 8 d after challenge, CVP-immunized mice had fewer severe lung lesions and fewer bacteria in their lungs compared to mice immunized with wild-type virus. Different levels of protection were seen with CPMV-PAE5 when Freund's or alum adjuvants were used. These studies highlight the ability of CVPs to generate protective immunity against infectious disease agents.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error