the cause of swine erysipelas and human erysipeloid, produces a haemolysin. A recombinant plasmid, pHLY, conferring haemolytic activity on was isolated from a genomic library of strain Tama-96. This plasmid was stable in RecA but unstable in a RecA strain. A spontaneous deletion plasmid, pMini-HLY, also conferring haemolytic activity was derived from pHLY. Two ORFs were detected in pHLY. Analysis of pMini-HLY and other deletion clones established that ORF2 was associated with haemolytic activity. The sequence of ORF1 was highly homologous to those of transposases in the IS family. The deletion which generated pMini-HLY was between two short direct repeat (DR) sequences flanking the ORF1 sequence, and there were inverted repeat sequences inside the two DR sequences, suggesting an insertion element. No sequence homology to the deduced amino acid sequence of ORF2 was detected in the databases, but its sequence was characteristic of a surface lipoprotein. Western blot analysis, using antiserum against the 16 kDa protein produced from ORF2, found the protein to be commonly distributed in all species.


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