In order to analyse the involvement of the cAMP pathway in the regulation of gene expression in we have examined the effect of cAMP on protein synthesis by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. cAMP had only a minor effect on the protein pattern of cells growing exponentially on glucose. However, it interfered with the changes in gene expression normally occurring upon glucose exhaustion in yeast cultures, maintaining a protein pattern typical of cells growing on glucose. This effect was accompanied by a delay before growth recovery on ethanol. We propose a model in which the cAMP-signalling pathway has a role in the maintenance of gene expression, rather than in the determination of a specific programme. A decrease of cAMP would then be required for metabolic transitions such as the diauxic phase.


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