Summary: The second aconitase (AcnB) of was partially purified from an mutant lacking AcnA, and the corresponding polypeptide identified by activity staining and weak cross-reactivity with AcnA antiserum. The gene was located at 2.85 min (131.6 kb) in a region of the chromosome previously assigned to two unidentified ORFs. Aconitase specific activities were amplified up to fivefold by infection with λ phages from the Kohara λ- gene library, and up to 120-fold (50% of soluble protein) by inducing transformants containing a plasmid (pGS783) in which the coding region is expressed from a regulated T7 promoter. The AcnB protein was purified to 98% homogeneity from a genetically enriched source (JRG3171) and shown to be a monomeric protein of 100000 (SDS-PAGE) and 105000 (gel filtration analysis) compared with 93500 predicted from the nucleotide sequence. The sequence identity between AcnA and AcnB is only 17% and the domain organization of AcnA and related proteins (1-2-3-linker-4) is rearranged in AcnB (4-1-2-3).


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